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DescriptionTitle Page
Executive Summary
The executive summary, or abstract, is a short, (maximum one page) summary placed
prior to the introduction and is used to help readers determine the purpose of the ABP.
This part is usually the last thing that you write. It should include:
• An identification of the problem/issue;
• An explanation of the pedigree of the idea(a summary of the key literature);
• A description of the methodology used; and,
• A summary outlining the importance of your work.
Acknowledgements (optional)
Table of Contents
List of Acronyms
Part 1. Introduction – The introduction should provide your reader with a guide to key
points and be an invitation to read on. It should include:
• The objectives of the work;
• A background to the work;
• Any important definitions;
• A brief outline of key ideas and methods; and,
• A brief outline of the order of presentation, with an emphasis on especially
important and/or unusual findings and conclusions.
Part 2. Literature Review – This section should summarize and offer interpretation of
an in-depth study of key works considered important for your topic. It should include:
• A review of relevant literature;
• A critical selection of key methods and insights; and,
• A review of previous applications of key methods.
The literature review provides a foundation for your project and the premises that you
will use to support your argument. The parts of the argument that link your research
question should either be provided by your literature review or proven by your
research, and if this isn’t true, your project may fail. The role of your literature review
will vary with the project and individual Supervisor’s requirements, but the literature
review can be 25% to 30% of the total project word-count. Points to consider:

Never hurry your literature review in order to get on to the problem phase. You must know
the current state of knowledge with respect to the problem. Indeed, it should help you to
locate up-to-date methods as well as current data and thereby deal with the problem more
effectively and rapidly.

Keep the literature review focused on the particular issue of your topic. A
discerning discussion offering insight into the topic is impressive. A massive
recording of any and every article at all related to the topic is profligate and will
not shape your approach to the problem solution;
Keep careful records of references to all bibliographical material. You should
never need to waste your time trying to relocate a reference.

Part 3. Situational Analysis – It may be helpful to break the situational analysis into
four subsections as follows:
3.1) Methodology–The methodology section of the paper will outline the
methods, procedures, techniques used to collect and analyze information for your
topic. It should include:
• An explanation as to how the selected methods will be used to meet the
objectives of the task;
• Identification of the activities, information and data sources and how they lead
to developing problem solutions (or hypotheses); and,
• Identification of any potential advances in knowledge and likely problems and
In this subsection, you will describe your research design (using citations to
relevant references). You will need to describe the method (e.g., case study) and
explain why it is suitable for your research objectives. While the single case study is
the most common approach where your internship organization serves as the case,
you will need to do some of your own research to determine if this methodology is
the best fit for your research question. You might find Saunders et al. (2019)
Chapter 5 (the textbook for Research 1 and Research 2) will provide insights.
The project’s methodology chapter will explain the choice and specifications for
the quantitative or qualitative methods used in your investigation of data. The
choice of data sources as well as sample selection need to be clearly explained, and
any inherent biases produced by the data or sample selection should be addressed.
3.2) Data collection – Here you need to specifically identify the data that you will
analyze in order to meet your research objectives and describe the steps you took to
collect that data. What are the specific secondary or primary sources of data that
you use? If you use primary sources, then which data collection techniques are
you using (e.g., interviews, questionnaires, observation)? Participant observation is
one common approach in ABPs that focus on the internship organization. You
might find Saunders et al. (2019)Chapters 8, 9, 10 and/or 11 useful.
3.3) Analysis – In this subsection you will need to describe how you analyzed the
data you collected. This may vary depending on the nature of the ABP and
internship. You might want to refer to Saunders et al (2019) Chapters 12 and/or 13
and any other resources from your MBAA courses. It might help to think of this
ABP a bit like a case study where in the Analysis section you present a list of
“alternatives” that relate to the research questions/objectives and issues described in
the situational analysis. Then you evaluate these alternatives based on some criteria
and select one (or perhaps a couple) that you ultimately recommend. It will
represent your discourse on the work you have done and will present the
observations resulting from the application of the methodology. As the details of
this section are dependent on what you do and find, it is not possible to provide a
summary outline here.
3.4) Findings – This is where you present the results of your analysis. In traditional
ABPs this involves a SWOT analysis, PESTLE analysis and may incorporate other
specific frameworks (e.g., VRIO, 4Ps, Five Forces, etc.). When a substantial
amount of primary data has been collected (e.g., via interviews or questionnaires), it
may be helpful to present findings according to headings or perhaps create a model.
This will be a challenging but critical piece for your ABP.
Part 4. Recommendations
Following along with the case study idea, the recommendations should flow quite
smoothly from the Option Generation and Analysis section. The recommendation
section focuses on providing organizations with concrete advice with respect to
implementation of the recommended option(s) from the previous section.
Part 5. Conclusions
The conclusion is a review of the observations from the analysis, where you can outline
the work, make reference to and bring together key points that would not have been
clear to the reader had you made them in the introductory chapter. This section should
• A review of the observations made;
• Conclusions drawn from the analysis, particularly with respect to meeting the
original project objectives;
• Limitations of the project;
• Areas for further research.
Part 6. Internship and Project Reflections
List of References
Project Outline
A. Introduction
a) Objectives
To assess the immediate problems or impacts of Mergers and Acquisitions of
To design an effective countermeasure to the existing problems.
b) Background of the Study
Mergers and acquisitions” (M&A) can be defined as the consolidation of the most
significant assets of ventures or businesses through the transaction of finance
between ventures or businesses
It signed a merger and acquisitions agreement and acquired solar city in 2016 for
$ 2.6 Billion to enhance a friendly environment after being formed in 2003.
iii. This project discusses desired objectives, relevant literature, analyzes the
situation, describes the methodology and data collection, data analysis, findings,
recommendations, and conclusions, and finally gives a personal reflection on the
B. Literature Review
a) A review of Relevant Literature
The consolidation of businesses or their most important business assets through
financial transactions between businesses is referred to as “mergers and
acquisitions” (M&A).
According to Gomes (2013), corporate mergers and Acquisitions are events of
great importance, and major acquisition poses the most significant risk to
shareholders, both now and in the future, of any decision.
iii. Elon Musk violated his duty of loyalty to Tesla by engaging in self-dealing during
the Tesla/Solar City transaction.
Additionally, Tesla’s rival rate is rising rapidly, which seems problematic news
for a business (Tesla) with trouble staying in its current position.
The M&A has posed a supply chain threat. Every business simultaneously invests
in EVs, if not tens of billions.
b) A Critical Selection of Key Methods and Insights;
a. Elon Musk Method and Eat or be Eaten Theory
i. According to Taylor et al. (2020), Elon Musk’s method asserts that an
individual must learn from partners and then go alone to avoid being
consumed by them.
ii. It can be confirmed by the ‘eat or be eaten’ theory of mergers.
b. M&A Transaction
i. The company used transactions from the past and discounted cash flow
analysis based on consensus estimates that were made public.
ii. A valuation technique called precedent transaction analysis uses the
price paid for similar businesses in the past to determine the company’s
current value.
c) Problems Associated with Mergers and Acquisitions
a. Bad Leadership from its CEO (Elon Musk)
i. According to (Datta et al., 2021), dominant CEOs are more likely to
weaken the business operation (page 4).
ii. Elon Musk violated his duty of loyalty to Tesla by engaging in selfdealing during the Tesla/Solar City transaction.
b. High Competition by Rival Companies
i. Tesla’s rival rate is rising rapidly, which seems problematic news for a
business (Tesla) with trouble staying in its current position.
c. Supply Chain Threats or Risks
i. The M&A has posed a supply chain threat.
d. Financial Risk (Greater Debt Load)
i. The financing of a merger or acquisition can be challenging, especially
in the case of an all-cash deal.
ii. It is important to understand the financing options available.
e. Mounting Costs
i. The M&A has contributed to high mounting costs.
f. High Pricing
i. High pricing of products is another problem facing the M&A.
ii. Overpaying could lead to overly optimistic expectations regarding the
merger and acquisition’s profitability.
g. Diseconomies of Scale
i. The increased size may result in economies of scale for Tesla since it
is a larger company.
ii. After a merger, Tesla may not have the same level of control and may
have trouble motivating employees.
h. Technology Advancement Risks
i. M&A’s technical difficulties are only one part of the equation.
ii. Adoption is yet another factor that requires careful consideration.
i. Legal and Regulatory Issues
i. The legal and regulatory issues involved in a merger or acquisition can
be complex and time-consuming.
j. Integration and Integration Risks
i. One of the major problems in the M&A process of Tesla Inc. is the
integration of acquired companies.
ii. According to Vertakova et al. (2018), the integration of SolarCity into
Tesla has been reported to be challenging.
k. Culture Clashes
i. The culture clash between the acquired Company and the acquiring
d) A Critical Selection of Key Methods and Insight
a. Due diligence
i. Due diligence is critical to the Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A)
b. Integration Planning
i. Another key aspect of the M&A process is integration planning.
c. Cultural Fit
i. One of the biggest challenges in M&A is ensuring that the target
company’s culture is a good fit for the acquiring Company.
d. Communication and Transparency
i. Communication and transparency are critical in the M&A process.
e. Legal and Regulatory Considerations
i. Mergers and Acquisitions are complex legal and regulatory processes.
f. Post-Acquisition Monitoring and Evaluation
i. The M&A process does not end with the acquisition.
e) A Review of Previous Applications of Key Methods
a. Due Diligence
i. Due diligence is a key method that helps to identify potential risks and
challenges in an M&A process.
b. Synergy Analysis
i. Synergy analysis is a key method used to identify areas where the two
companies can achieve cost savings.
c. Integration Planning
i. Integration planning is another key method that helps to mitigate the
risks and challenges in an M&A process.
d. Cultural Assessment
i. Cultural assessment is a key method to identify potential cultural
clashes that may arise due to an M&A.
C. Situational Analysis
In this section, the paper discusses the methodology, data collection, Analysis, and
a. Methodology
i. This chapter looks at the methodological aspects of the research methods,
techniques, and procedures that will be used during the collection and
Analysis of the data or information collected concerning problems and
countermeasures of Tesla M&A.
b. Data collection
i. The primary data collection will also involve 10 in-depth interviews
conducted over one month by the researcher.
ii. The research will also seek the help of a social and economic commentator
and two Tesla managers (product and sales managers).
c. Questionnaires design
i. The questionnaire will be designed and distributed to the researcher via
emails from the company.
ii. The relevant questionnaire, in this case, will be standard and will be
designed by the researcher by relying on the insights from prior qualitative
iii. The response will be given by ticking inside the given box since it saves
time and energy.
d. Interviews
i. The researcher will interview with the help of the interview guide to
interview the Tesla product, Sales managers, and employees
ii. The guide shall ensure standards and consistency in the interview
iii. Each interview session shall be limited to 45 minutes minimum and 60
minutes maximum.
e. Sample Size
i. The sample for this research will be arrived at by incorporating 10% from
each unit of Analysis (feedback from the Tesla product and sales
ii. Customers’ views will also be considered since they are the ones who
consume these products, which forms the study population.
iii. The respondents will be randomly selected from the sampling frame
derived from the database of Tesla motors employees (product and sales
f. Analysis
i. Immediately after gathering and collecting the raw data, it fails to bring
out the real meaning until it is subjected to Analysis using systematic
methods and special tools for data analysis.
ii. The systematic data started with coding.
D. Findings
a) The results of the PESTEL (Political, Economic, Social, Technology, and Legal) and
SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats) analyses are presented in
this section.
a. PESTEL Analysis
i. The PESTLE analysis looks at outside variables to determine
strategies’ risks and potential benefits by addressing political, social,
economic, environment, technology and legal issues.
ii. The evaluation is significant because it recognizes that changes in the
aforementioned external variables may ultimately result in significant
industry shifts.
b. SWOT Analysis
i. According to Tesla Motors’ SWOT analysis, the company possesses
the capabilities and strengths necessary to sustain long-term success
and profits, as analyzed from the data.
ii. SWOT analysis will address strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and
threats of M&A of Tesla.
c. Porter’s Five Forces
i. The competitive forces model is the basis for analyzing the strategy
used to determine an industry’s attractiveness.
ii. The investigation allows the discovery of a strategic innovation that
boosts the performance of the business and the industry.
iii. To identify how the Tesla is performing under M&A , the research
will look into threats from new entrants, bargaining power of buyers,
bargaining power of suppliers , Substitution Threat and rivalry
E. Recommendations
a) To mitigate the regulatory hurdles, Tesla has focused on ensuring that it complies
with all relevant regulations and has implemented measures such as engaging with
regulatory authorities and stakeholders to facilitate the approval process.
b) Tesla has put in place a clear communication and integration plan.
c) To enhance due diligence, Tesla has a detailed and well-organized plan outlining the
specific information needed, the individuals responsible for gathering and analyzing
the data, and the deadlines for completion (Denison & KO, 2016).
d) Elon Musk has identified that the best strategy to mitigate the CEO’s behaviors is to
find out about people and culture before or after discovering technology.
e) To mitigate the culture clash, Tesla has focused on promoting cultural integration and
fostering a culture of open communication and collaboration between the two
companies (Denison & Ko, 2016).
F. Conclusion
a) In summary, Tesla is the world leading manufacturer of electric vehicles (EVs) whose
market is mainly in the United States and currently expanding its market to Asia
b) It signed a merger and acquisitions agreement and acquired solar city in 2016 for $
2.6 Billion to enhance a friendly environment after being formed in 2003. Currently,
its CEO is Elon Musk.
c) Despite the numerous benefits of M&A, it faces many challenges that have been
analyzed through SWOT and PESTEL Analysis.
d) It has shown how the company is affected both externally and internally. It is
consistent with the study’s goals.
G. Project Reflection
a) It has been wonderful working on this project because it has been an avenue for new
ideas and experiences.
b) However, reaching out to my participants was difficult because their tight schedules
and traveling expenses have also been an issue.
c) Analysis of data was a bit challenging since it was my first time doing such a study
on a bigger company.
H. References

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