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TOPIC-The future of food insecurity[Student Name]
Instructions: Replace the example wording in brackets below with your wording for each prompt.
IND101 Milestone 5 Template
Introduction paragraph (approx. 150–200 words):
[Example: In the year 2019, plug-in electric vehicles represented less than 2 percent of all vehicle sales in
the United States. Meanwhile, other nations, like China and Norway, have eclipsed the United States in
electric vehicle market share (Graham et al., 2021). There is no doubt from the international scientific
community that carbon emissions from traditional internal combustion engine vehicles contribute
significantly to climate change, and that electric vehicles represent a viable strategy to curb the
automotive industry’s negative impact on the environment. Why then do electric vehicle sales still lag in
the United States and what can be done to increase sales? The US government should increase the
incentives for the production and consumption of electric cars because the United States is falling
behind other nations in market share of electric cars, they are still too expensive for most consumers,
and research demonstrates that electric cars are effective at reducing carbon emissions, which
contribute to climate change.]
Outline:
I.
Supporting Point 1: [Example: The United States is falling behind other nations in market share
of electric cars]
A. Topic sentence: [Example: The United States, once a world leader in automotive
innovation, is quickly falling behind other nations in electric vehicle market share.]
B. Supporting detail: [Example: The largest EV market is China, with more than half of the
world’s EV sales (Sperling, 2018).]
C. Supporting detail: [Example: European Parliament and EU set 2020 targets for EVs and
charging stations in all EU member states (Noori & Tatari, 2016).]
II.
Supporting Point 2: [Example: Electric cars are too expensive for most consumers]
A. Topic sentence: [Continue adding content here and below as indicated in the examples
above]
B. Supporting detail:
C. Supporting detail:
III.
Supporting Point 3: [Example: Research demonstrates that electric cars are effective at reducing
carbon emissions, which contribute to climate change.]
A. Topic sentence:
B. Supporting detail:
C. Supporting detail:
IV.
Countering Opposing Perspectives
A. Topic sentence: [Example: Some researchers have argued that the shift from traditional
vehicles to electric vehicles should be slowed, not quickened, because of their
potentially harmful effects on the environment.]
B. Supporting detail: [Example: Electric vehicles are powered by batteries charged by
electricity, so some argue that the benefits of EVs are lessened because of the pollution
caused by the “dirty, coal-fired power plant” needed to create the energy (Sperling,
2018, p.12).]
C. Refuting detail: [Example: However, as we move away from coal toward renewable
energy like wind and solar power or nuclear energy, this negative effect is eliminated.
For example, Sperling (2018) noted that “in France, where most electricity comes from
nuclear power, the environmental benefits are enormous” (p 13).]
V.
Conclusion
A. Review central ideas presented in body and make connection to thesis: [Example: It is
clear from the research that a transition to electric vehicles will significantly reduce
carbon emissions and contribute positively toward the global fight against climate
change. However, in order to facilitate this transition, the US government needs to
increase production and consumption incentives for electric vehicles since the US is
falling behind other nations in its market share of EVs, and American consumers are
slow to shift from traditional vehicles because of the cost.]
B. Closing thoughts: [Example: Climate change is a serious, global challenge affecting all of
humankind, and every step toward the transition to electric vehicles is a step in the right
direction.]
References
[Examples:
Dua, R., & White, K. (2020). Understanding latent demand for hybrid and plug-in electric vehicles using
large-scale longitudinal survey data of US new vehicle buyers. Energy Efficiency, 13(6), 1063–
1074.
http://vlib.excelsior.edu/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=as
n&AN=145259635&site=eds-live&scope=site
Graham, J. D., Belton, K. B., & Suri, X. (2021). How China beat the US in electric vehicle manufacturing
and why it’s time for the United States to get serious about industrial policies. Issues in Science
& Technology, 37(2), 72–79.
http://vlib.excelsior.edu/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=tf
h&AN=149318105&site=eds-live&scope=site
Noori, M., & Tatari, O. (2016). Development of an agent-based model for regional market penetration
projections of electric vehicles in the United States. Energy, 96, 215–230.
http://vlib.excelsior.edu/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ed
selp&AN=S0360544215016606&site=eds-live&scope=site
Sperling, D. (2018). Electric vehicles: Approaching the tipping point. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists,
74(1), 11–18.
http://vlib.excelsior.edu/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ul
h&AN=127161734&site=eds-live&scope=site]

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