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Guidelines for Preschool Observations
Please use professional language, by this I mean don’t refer to the children as kids (those are goats), this will cost you significant points, be sure to use complete sentences, and check your spelling.
Read the text material before you make your observation. Relate it to the concepts you are asked to observe. Be aware of the milestones you are going to look for in the areas of physical development, cognitive/language development, or psychosocial development before you begin.
You must include your textbook as one of your references! At the end of your observations, please follow the APA format to referencing the textbook. Your reference page should not say Works Cited (that is not APA style) it should be titled Reference (centered at the top of the page).
Referencing our Textbook using APA Formatting:  (only use our textbook and the CDC handout for this assignment)

Developmental Milestones Handout. Center for Disease Control       

https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/actearly/milestones/index.htmlLinks to an external site.
Paris, J., Ricardo, A., & Rymond, D. (2019). Understanding the whole child: Prenatal development through adolescence. College of the Canyons.
(make sure to indent the second line and use double spacing, this document is not allowing the indent on the textbook, the CDC reference, it is correct) See announcement Week 9 & 10 for the exact way it should look for either of these two references. 

APA Formatting that I will be looking for:                               

normal margins & font  
Text correctly referenced
Citations within your observation correctly cited                                                                    
You will choose only one of the options depending on if you are doing the in-person option or the video option. Please download Option 1 if you are going to do your observation in a real preschool (In-person option). Choose Option 2 if you are doing the Video preschool observations, (if you are unable to visit an actual preschool for this assignment).Preschool Virtual Observation Assignment Option 2
For this assignment you will watch 3 short videos, each one will focus on a different aspect of
early childhood/preschool development, then make a connection to a theory, and finally,
do a short reflection on the video experience. Make sure to use the template when
submitting this assignment. Once you download the document, simply type directly into the
text boxes, when finished save to your computer and then submit this entire document in the
assignment area (you can edit the directions out of your own document when ready to
submit).







Before you watch each video, read the questions and directions that follow the video.
This will guide what you should be observing and watching for in each video.
Take notes as you observe to help you answer the questions.
Notice that each video is linked to a specific area of development & you will need to
relate what you observed in the video to what you have learned in your readings and
from the developmental checklist.
Plan to watch each short video multiple times
Use the Checklists from Preschool Observation Option 1 to help you look for specific
developmental milestones, be specific in choosing your milestone.
Make sure to complete all 6 steps
After downloading this document you will type your responses directly into the text
boxes. If you can’t use the template then retype each step and the questions and
answer them in the correct order as the template. Points may be deducted if the
template is not used.
Step 1: Observation 1 Language Skills
Focused Observation Chapter 7 Video 16 Redleaf Press Video
After watching this video, what did you learn about the language skills of this preschool aged child? Think
about vocabulary, sentence length and structure, conversation skills, and listening skills. What did you find in
Chapter 9 that relates to your observations? In what ways did the caregiver extend the child’s language skills?
Question
What did you learn about the
language skills of this preschool
child? (think about vocabulary,
sentence length and structure,
conversations skills, and listening
skills)
In what ways did the caregiver
extend the child’s language skills?
Be specific
Response
Question
Response
What did you find in chapter 8
that relates to this observation?
What quote from the text
supports your observation? Cite
the quote.
Step 2: Observation 2 Cognitive Skills/Social and Emotional Skills/Language Skills
Cameron and Alexis Playing with Blocks Colorado Department of Education
After watching this video, what are some of the developmental benefits of play for young children. For
example, in this play example, how did the children use language? What cognitive concepts were enhanced?
What social skills were practiced?
Question
Response
What are some of the
developmental benefits of play
for young children?
How did the children use
language? What cognitive
concepts were enhanced? And
finally, what social skills were
practiced?
What did you find in chapters 9
and 10 that support this
observation? What quote from
the text supports your
observation? Cite the quote
Step 3: Observation 3 Physical Development
Observing Gross Motor Skills ECE Learning Hub Video (this is not the same video found in the module)
After watching this video, describe at least six gross motor skills that you observed and list the typical age that
a child might master that skill. You will find the information to support this observation in Chapter 8 and on
these checklists.
Task
Response
Name at least 6 gross motor skills
that you observed in this video
and the typical age that a child
might master that skill.
Carefully check your list and
compare it to our textbook or the
Gross motor skills checklist in
option 1, make sure you did not
list fine motor skills. List any
additional Gross Motor skills you
observed.
What did you find in chapter 7 or
8 that relates to this observation?
What quote from the text
supports your observation? Cite
the quote
Step 4: Analyze a Specific Milestone
Choose one specific milestone you observed a child meeting on one of the videos (in any area, on any of the 3
checklists from Preschool Observation Option 1) to look at more closely (for example, “Understands the idea
of counting”)
Question
What milestone did you choose?
Be very specific.
Why is this milestone important?
(What does it show us about the
child’s development? What does it
now allow the child to do? What is
coming next?)
What is something that could be
a positive influence on how and
when this milestone develops?
(what would support this
milestone)
Response
Question
Response
What is something that could be
a negative influence on how and
when this milestone develops?
(what could undermine this
milestone?)
Step 5: Make a connection to a Theory
Theories help guide us to understand children’s growth and development. The key theories in Child
Development were introduced in Chapter 1 and revisited in later chapters, where appropriate. Connect
something you observed to a theory we have covered in class.
Question
Response
What theory are you making a
connection with? Make sure it is
an actual theory.
Where is this theory discussed in
the book? Provide the chapter
and page number.
How does what you observed
illustrate this theory? Be very
specific
Step 6: Reflection
Reflect on this experience by answering this question
How was this experience
different than seeing children in
person? (consider both benefits
and drawbacks)
References

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