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10-11 slides about this critical analysis that was written about maternal healthMaternal Health
The phrase “maternal health” refers to the emotional and physical well-being of a
pregnant woman as well as the health of the woman after she has given birth. In many regions of
the world, maternal health is a problem that is frequently ignored. Even though pregnancy is a
normal process, it can pose significant health risks for the mother and the unborn child if the
mother’s health is not in good enough shape (Collier & Molina, 2019). The health of mothers is a
problem that affects people worldwide, and women in many nations face a diverse set of
obstacles. In this paper, the topic of maternal health will be discussed, and a comparison of the
state of maternal health in the United States to that of other countries will be made.
In America, maternal health is one of the most common public health concerns. In the
U.S., the rate of motherly transience averaged 17.4 deaths for every 100,000 live births between
the years 2014 and 2018, as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported. This
number is significantly higher than in other high-income countries, such as Canada (7.3 fatalities
per 100,000 live births) and the United Kingdom (8.2 deaths per 100,000 live births). Infections,
difficulties during childbirth, and circulatory illnesses are the three main causes of motherly
mortality in America (Kennedy et al., 2020).
According to the CDC, nearly one-quarter of pregnant women in the United States
experience depression, and many do not receive appropriate mental health care during their
pregnancies. This can result in significant health concerns for the mother and the child born to
her. In addition, there are effective maternal mortality rates in the United States, particularly
among African-American women. These rates are three times higher than the rates for white
women. African-American women are likely to encounter destitution and lack access to health
care, and racial prejudice is a common explanation for this gap. In addition to these problems,
the U.S. also has a high rate of preterm births, defined as the delivery of a baby earlier than 37
weeks into a pregnancy. The United States has a rate of premature births that is 9.8%, which is
significantly higher than the rates seen in other countries earning high income such as the United
Kingdom (8.2%) and Canada (7.6%) (Alexander et al., 2019). Birth before 37 weeks of gestation
might increase the risk of major health consequences for the mother and the infant, including
respiratory distress syndrome and cerebral palsy.
Accessing necessary health care is one of maternal health’s most significant challenges
today. Women in many developing nations have considerable challenges in accessing prenatal
care, such as low incomes, a lack of transportation options, and a significant geographical
distance to the nearest medical facilities. This can lead to delayed or poor care, resulting in
greater mother and newborn death rates. Most pregnant women in the United States can access
prenatal care through private insurance, Medicaid, or other public health programs. This means
that access to healthcare is not a major problem in the United States. Nevertheless, there are
inequalities in access to medical care for specific groups of people, including women of color,
women with low incomes, and women living in rural regions. These groups are more likely to
suffer barriers to care, such as a lack of transportation, limited insurance coverage, and trouble
accessing healthcare professionals.
The standard of care is another concern regarding maternal health. Even in contexts
where patients are accessing care, the quality of that care might vary tremendously from one
location to the next. In many third-world nations, healthcare facilities lack the equipment,
supplies, and qualified personnel to treat pregnant women safely and effectively. This makes it
difficult for these countries to reduce the rate of motherly mortality rates. In the United States,
the quality of care can also be variable, with some healthcare providers giving subpar care owing
to a lack of training or insufficient resources. In the United Kingdom, the quality of care can also
be a variable. This may lead to greater rates of maternal and newborn mortality, in particular
among women of color and those with low incomes (Olonade et al., 2019)
The third challenge facing maternal health is the widespread presence of risk factors that
might lead to maternal morbidity and mortality. Women with a history of certain medical
disorders, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or obesity, have an increased likelihood of
experiencing issues during pregnancy and delivery. Women who encounter complications during
pregnancy, such as preeclampsia or gestational diabetes, are at a higher risk of long-term health
concerns, such as cardiovascular disease. This risk is compounded when the woman has multiple
complications during pregnancy. It is more likely that women of color and women living in
poverty will have these risk factors and encounter problems during pregnancy and childbirth,
both leading to increased maternal and infant mortality rates.
According to the American Heart Association (AHA), cardiovascular illness is the major
cause of death among mothers in the U.S. Complications during pregnancy, such as
preeclampsia, gestational hypertension, or gestational diabetes, put a woman at a higher risk of
developing circulatory illness later in life. This risk is enhanced for women with more than one
issue during pregnancy. This highlights how important it is to address the risk factors
contributing to maternal morbidity and mortality and ensure that women receive proper
follow-up care after giving birth. Maternal health is a serious public health concern in the United
States and other countries. One hundred and ninety-nine percent of all motherly deaths occur in
countries with low or middle income, as reported by the World Health Organization, which
estimates that there are approximately 303,000 motherly deaths globally each year. Extreme
bleeding, virus, and high blood pressure during pregnancy are the primary factors contributing to
maternal mortality in these nations. Around one in five pregnant women in countries with low
and intermediate incomes experience depression. Many do not receive proper mental health care
during their pregnancies. In addition, women living in poverty and rural areas in these nations
are at a larger risk of having poor maternal health due to a lack of access to health care and
education.
In conclusion, maternal health is a serious concern for public medical care in both
America and other countries worldwide. African-American women are at a greater risk of poor
maternal health due to poverty, lack of access to health care, and racial prejudice. The rate of
motherly mortality in the United States is higher than in other high-income countries. In other
nations, the leading causes of maternal mortality during pregnancy are severe bleeding,
infections, and blood pressure being high; also, women living in impoverished or rural areas are
more likely to have poor maternal health. Maternal health must receive a greater amount of
attention in the U.S. and other countries to promote the overall health and well-being of women
and the babies they bear.

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