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In Topic 2, you read three articles about the role of the researcher. In Topic 3, you took this process a step further and completed the Emerging Writer Worksheet. In that assignment, you identified two themes, supported them with evidence from the articles, built a thesis claim and outlined your paper. In this week’s assignment, you will build on your outline and write a synthesis paper about the role of a researcher using evidence from the articles to support your themes.General Requirements:Use the following information to ensure successful completion of the assignment:Review the articles by Coffman, Putman, Adkisson, Kriner and Monaghan (2016), Garcia and Yao (2019), and Inouye and McAlpine (2017) located in the Study Materials for this topic.This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.Doctoral learners are required to use APA style for their writing assignments. The APA Style Guide is located in the Student Success Center.Refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association for specific guidelines related to doctoral-level writing. The manual contains essential information on manuscript structure and content, clear and concise writing, and academic grammar and usage.You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Refer to the LopesWrite Technical Support articles for assistance.Directions:Write a paper (1,000-1,250 words) that synthesizes the Coffman, Putman, Adkisson, Kriner and Monaghan (2016), Garcia and Yao (2019), and Inouye and McAlpine (2017) articles. Your paper should include the following:An introduction that introduces and provides context for the topic. This includes presenting a clear thesis statement.Support for your identified themes with evidence from each article. Synthesize your discussion of the topic to support your thesis.A conclusion that demonstrates support of your thesis statement, brief summary of the main points from your two themes, and recommendations for future research on the topic.
In Topic 2, you read three articles about the role of the researcher. In Topic 3, you took this process a step further and completed the Emerging Writer Worksheet. In that assignment, you identified t
Brandi Williams RES-815 Dr. B 8/24/21 Emerging Writer Worksheet Review the videos as you progress through this document for a more detailed explanation of the assignment’s objective and expectations. Important note: The theme REFLECTION cannot be used for the final submission of the assignment. It is used in the video for demonstration purposes only. Thematic Matrix In this section use a thematic matrix to extract key themes from the articles in order to synthesize common themes. VIDEO: Section 1 Patterns and Themes (12:47): https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLpIqYOoVEqfOhH6ESVV-OiS_N7yDC-K_b Coffman, Putman, Adkisson, Kriner, and Monaghan (2016) Garcia and Yao (2019) Inouye and McAlpine (2017) Multiple identities integration Academic and research positioning Scholarly identity Redefinition of roles Combating disconnection feelings Individual agency Relationships development Socialization Personal experiences and perceptions Knowledge co-creation Courses and instructors contribution Critical engagement Community of Practice Doctoral education foundation Confidence and ownership Looking over the thematic matrix above, what are two major patterns that are apparent in all three readings? In other words, where do these patterns overlap? These two themes that are common to all 3 articles will be your synthesized themes for the paper. Please list them below. Theme 1: Multiple identities integration Theme 2: Mentorship and direction Enter these in the worksheet below Finding Evidence to Support Themes VIDEO: Section 2 Evidence Worksheet, Topic Sentences, and Thesis Statement (12:18): https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLpIqYOoVEqfOhH6ESVV-OiS_N7yDC-K_b Theme One: Multiple Identities Integration Coffman, Putman, Adkisson, Kriner, and Monaghan (2016) The major challenge confronting doctoral students is the ambiguity of the term “scholar” (Coffman et al., 2016). They struggle to integrate their multiple roles and identities on the journey to becoming scholars. It is significantly worse if the students’ disciplines are outside higher learning institutions. Schools contribute to the doctoral identity crisis by introducing rules and structures that define practitioner-scholars. Postgraduate students find themselves confined in categories predefined by institutional regulatory power. Scholars continue to wrestle with disorienting dilemmas after their degree completion because of the multiple identities and validation struggles. Garcia and Yao (2019) It is essential to combat feelings of disconnection experienced by doctoral students from the onset because they contribute primarily to the difficulty of fitting in the graduate learning. It is more daunting for distance-learning individuals because of the socialization challenges. Often full-online students are dissatisfied with some programs, have a higher risk of attrition, and are likely to have the highest identity crisis (Garcia & Yao, 2019). As online learning continues to be the new norm, it is essential to train the upcoming generation of students to facilitate their professional understanding. Inouye and McAlpine (2017) The central task of doctoral students is to develop a thesis that identifies their doctoral identity, but the process is not easy (Inouye & McAlpine, 2017). They have to undergo a critical individual analysis to develop and refine their area of expertise. Experiences and personal perceptions contribute mainly to this journey’s success. Doctoral students who pay more attention to self-assessment feedback are more likely to discover themselves faster than others. Additionally, the more critical the research thinking, the faster the journey to scholarly identity. Synthesize The three articles show that doctoral identity is the ultimate success for postgraduate students. However, it is not a sprint but a challenging marathon because of the multiple identities possessed by graduates. Often, the scholars face the dilemma even after their degree completion because of the regulatory environment in most institutions. Topic sentence: Embracing academic identity crisis early enough is crucial to students as it allows them to fit in their higher learning programs quickly. Theme Two: Mentorship and direction Coffman, Putman, Adkisson, Kriner, and Monaghan (2016) As much as students are highly knowledgeable, they need guidance to solve their doctoral identity crisis. Community of Practice (CoP) comes to their aid by providing a perfect environment for self-reflection and critical analysis (Coffman et al., 2016). Doctoral students become research subjects in the program as they develop their goals in a collaborative environment and evaluate how their experiences contribute to their identification. CoP allows students to be themselves and emerge as scholars through the knowledge gained through the identity journey. Instructors play a considerable part in mentoring students through their identity journey. They provide practical examples of their research procedures and challenges encountered to assist students in overcoming their self-doubt and reveal themselves through relational identity. Garcia and Yao (2019) Online students are disproportionately affected by scholarly identity crises because of the non-conventional learning setting. A first-year seminar course is recommended as the best way to guide doctoral students towards their identity. Scholars indicate positive experiences and personal development throughout the program as it is designed to deal with the imposter syndrome experienced by most individuals in higher learning institutions. Apart from the course, instructors’ contribution is integral in participants’ community building. The student-teacher interaction improves communication and creates a perfect sharing platform among students (Garcia & Yao, 2019). Identity crisis is half-solved when scholars can easily reach out to their tutors and colleagues. Inouye and McAlpine (2017) Supervisors’ feedback is necessary for intellectual identity development. However, it depends on how students respond to the criticism. The degree of agency in how scholars critically engage with comments contributes primarily to growing identity (Inouye & McAlpine, 2017). Instructors must understand that their purview affects thesis development, which defines the changes students introduce to their research thinking. The introduction to new methodologies, literature, and theoretical systems prompt graduates to reexamine their work. Cooperation between the instructors and students regulates the emotional journey of becoming independent researchers. Writing a thesis has its highs and lows and can cause adverse emotional reactions, but students can easily overcome the associated challenges if instructors make it a collaborative process. Synthesize Mentorship and direction are central to scholarly identity. Doctoral students need guidance from their supervisors to overcome challenges that seem beyond their control. The three articles indicate that instructors’ feedback plays a huge role in shaping graduates’ educational journey and identity. As much as they want to be independent, they need to learn from other experiences to know the manageable obstacles encountered. Topic sentence: Doctoral students need their instructors’ guidance through their self-discovery journey and doctoral identity development Forming a Thesis Statement List your two synthesized topic sentences to create your thesis statement. Topic sentence 1: Embracing academic identity crisis early is crucial to doctoral students as it allows them to fit in their higher learning programs quickly. Topic sentence 2: Doctoral students need their instructors’ guidance through their self-discovery journey and doctoral identity development . Thesis statement: Doctoral students overcome the scholarly identity crisis by accepting it is a common challenge in their studies and positively applying their mentors’ feedback in their research thinking process. Organizing the Argument VIDEO: Section 3: Outline (13:11): https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLpIqYOoVEqfOhH6ESVV-OiS_N7yDC-K_b Introduction Engaging statement Doctoral students enter various programs with already defined academic identities, but crisis occurs as the learning journey becomes intense. They experience the trouble of integrating their multiple roles developed over the years into a single doctoral identity. Some experience doubts early on and may fall off the wagon if their imposter syndrome, inherent with higher learning, is not addressed. Contextualize topic The most crucial dimension in doctoral student experience is identity development. It forms a new role by applying past academic experiences, feedback, and emotions in a specific field of study. As scholars understand the internal and external shaping forces, they integrate them into their doctoral identity journey. Contextualize themes Multiple identities integration narrows down the direction that doctoral students should take in their programs. Over the years, scholars possess immense knowledge in various areas and may become confused during specialization. However, they should know the self-discovery journey is made possible through mentorship and direction. Also, instructors’ feedback is essential in directing their thinking process, but it requires a favorable response from students. Thesis statement Doctoral students overcome the scholarly identity crisis by accepting it is a common challenge in their studies and positively applying their mentors’ feedback in their research thinking process . Multiple identities integration Topic sentence: Embracing academic identity crisis early is crucial to doctoral students as it allows them to fit in their higher learning programs quickly. Evidence from 3 articles Doctoral students face educational identity issues because of the multiple roles they adopt throughout learning. They struggle to integrate their experiences into a single doctoral identity because of the confinement to the liminal doctorate process (Coffman et al., 2016). Doctoral programs provide a perfect place for socialization, but it is not accessible if students take full-online classes (Garcia & Yao, 2019). Their connection process is not as smooth as for those learning in person. Therefore, they experience significant disconnections from the onset, making their identity journey more frustrating. A thesis is required for the establishment of scholarly identity, but the process of creating one is a difficult task. Students find themselves overwhelmed by numerous revisions needed to refine this central task. Some develop adverse reactions to feedback, which affect the development process (Inouye & McAlpine, 2017). Transition statement to next theme Since doctoral identity is crucial to graduates, it is essential to introduce programs that facilitate the learning process and tutor support that helps them grow in their areas of specialization. Mentorship and direction Topic sentence: Doctoral students need their instructors’ guidance through their self-discovery journey and doctoral identity development Evidence from 3 articles Coffman et al. (2016) recommend CoP as the best concept for developing doctoral students’ identity. It is a practice-based program that creates a situation where learners develop by co-creating personal knowledge in social constructs. A first-year seminar course is necessary for online doctoral students because of the socialization capability possessed by other students (Garcia & Yao, 2019). Their research and scholarly identity journies are more complex, but the onset’s induction contributes to continuous persistence. The doctoral process is affected mainly by instructors’ participation in the thesis creation. According to Inouye & McAlpine (2017), students who engage their tutors more actively and positively integrate their feedback are more likely to succeed than their colleagues. Conclusion Students that refine their research thinking process according to the changes recommended by instructors and knowledge from various programs successfully develop their doctoral identity . Summarize theme points Multiple identities are custom to doctorate studies, and integrating them into a single role is challenging. However, higher institutions have set programs that facilitate the process, while supervisors’ feedback is a significant drive to scholarly identification. Future research recommendations Further studies should focus on individual variation because factors such as a sense of confidence affect the journey of becoming an independent researcher. Also, while doctoral students have multiple identities that affect their academic journey, researchers should examine how different decision-making processes lead to successful or unsuccessful thesis development. Finally, comparisons between online and in-person programs are necessary to evaluate how they suit students’ needs and contribute to their development throughout their learning process. Reflecting on the Process VIDEO: Reflecting on the Process (2:54): https://youtu.be/07OoXNF6diA Transcript of Video Research skills are must-have abilities in higher learning, and they develop as students engage with various materials. As I was synthesizing information from the three articles, I realized my ability to source information and present it as summarized notes have developed over the years. Unlike when I first started researching, now I can quickly identify the keywords and understand what the authors communicate. It is also easy to compare different insights and relate them to form a comprehensive conclusion. In the past, this task seemed difficult, but my interaction with the three articles has shown it is an easily navigable and necessary part of doctoral studies. Otherwise, how else can I become an independent researcher? Nevertheless, my research skills still encountered significant challenges. First, the doctoral program is demanding; hence scheduling is an important aspect. I found myself unable to strictly follow the timetable because of the multiple duties and responsibilities. I had to rush through the last journal and almost failed to establish a powerful connection with the other two. Besides, the development of themes was more challenging than setting my study time. I knew I had to develop aspects related to the articles from the instructions, but finding the correct terms was not easy. Without the guiding videos, it would have been impossible to know whether a concept related to the other. Once I identified the patterns, the argument organization was more straightforward because of the guiding outline. However, developing a thesis statement took me a while because I had to create a sentence connecting the two themes. This part was the most insightful because it is always a wonder how researchers can come up with a claim and then support it with evidence. Showing the validity of my argument in writing was the driving force towards completing the worksheet . The synthesis process allowed me to break down the ideas of different authors into one topic. I learned that it is crucial to conduct this procedure while taking notes to facilitate easy conclusion drawing. Besides, making a decision about the problem, which is the doctoral identity issue, and developing arguments through synthesis prevents restating authors’ input. One learns about the line of thought and explains it according to personal understanding. Such ability is crucial in higher learning. I was pretty surprised by how research can be made uncomplicated through synthesis. I always thought it was unnecessary until I filled the required areas and made one general argument. The new perspective I have acquired and intend to carry forward is that research is beyond summarizing. It involves the combination of different ideas and showing how they diverge to develop an overall point . References Coffman, K., Putman, P., Adkisson, A., Kriner, B., & Monaghan, C. (2016). Waiting for the expert to arrive: Using a community of practice to develop the scholarly identity of doctoral students. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 28(1), 30-37. Retrieved from http://www.isetl.org/ijtlhe/ Garcia, C. E., & Yao, C. W. (2019). The role of a first-year online seminar in higher education doctoral students’ scholarly development. The Internet and Higher Education, 42, 44-52. doi:10.1016/j.iheduc.2019.04.002  Inouye, K. S., & McAlpine, L. (2017). Developing scholarly identity: Variation in agentive responses to supervisor feedback. Journal of University Teaching and Learning Practice, 14(2), 3-19. Retrieved from https://ro.uow.edu.au/jutlp/ Appendix A: Transcripts of Videos Emerging Writer Worksheet: Reflecting on the Process https://www.loom.com/share/390765ecd2834b72bbe9b04a1765a507
In Topic 2, you read three articles about the role of the researcher. In Topic 3, you took this process a step further and completed the Emerging Writer Worksheet. In that assignment, you identified t
SYNTHESIS PAPER 1 Synthesis Paper Student A. Sample Grand Canyon University: RES-811 Dr. Charles Banaszewski December 23, 2020 Synthesis Paper Open with an engaging statement and follow it up with research from an outside source if possible. Provide context for the paper (Role of the Researcher) and the upcoming discussion. Identify the two themes that emerged from your analysis. Conclude the introduction with your thesis statement. Theme One (Your Theme Title will Replace this Heading) Open with a topic sentence that reveals the direction of your analysis. Follow it up with support from research, then provide some original commentary that demonstrates analysis surrounding the theme. Support your identified theme with evidence from each article and provide analysis of these findings to strengthen your narrative. If you elect to use sub-themes, then the initial (theme one) paragraph will include an explanation of the sub-themes that will be discussed. Important note: if you do use sub-themes, then there must be at least two sub-themes. Sub-theme Heading #1 (goes here–OPTIONAL) Open with a topic sentence that reveals the direction of your analysis. Discuss the sub-theme and then support with evidence from at least one of the articles that support the sub theme. Sub-theme Heading #2 (goes here–OPTIONAL) Open with a topic sentence that reveals the direction of your analysis. Discuss the sub-theme and then support with evidence from at least one of the articles that support the sub theme. Theme Two (Your Theme Title will Replace this Heading) Sub-theme Heading #1 (goes here–OPTIONAL) Sub-theme Heading #2 (goes here–OPTIONAL) Conclusion Provide a conclusion that shows how you supported your thesis statement. Follow it up with some brief commentary that discusses the two themes and some evidence. Also, provide recommendations for future research. References The reference list should appear at the end of a paper (see the next page). It provides the information necessary for a reader to locate and retrieve any source you cite in the body of the paper. Each source you cite in the paper must appear in your reference list (unless it is a secondary source); likewise, each entry in the reference list must be cited in your text. A sample reference page is included below; this page includes examples of how to format different reference types (e.g., books, journal articles, information from a website). The examples on the following page include examples taken directly from the APA manual. The word Reference does not receive bold font. References American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association: The official guide to APA style (7th ed.). Baker, V. L., & Pifer, M. J. (2011). The role of relationships in the transition from doctor to independent scholar. Studies in Continuing Education, 33(1), 5-17. doi: 10.1080/0158037X.2010.515569 Daresh, J. C. (2004). Beginning the assistant principalship: A practical guide for new school administrators. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin. Herbst-Damm, K. L., & Kulik, J. A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24, 225-229. doi:10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225 Additional APA help: CITING INDIRECT SOURCES Generally, writers should endeavor to read primary sources (original sources) and cite those rather than secondary sources (works that report on original sources). Sometimes, however, this is impossible. If you use a source that was cited in another source, name the original source in your signal phrase. List the secondary source in your reference list and include the secondary source in the parentheses. If you know the year of the original source, include it in the citation. Johnson argued that…  (as cited in Smith, 2003, p. 102). (Johnson, 1985, as cited in Smith, 2003, p. 102). A WORK BY TWO AUTHORS Name both authors in the signal phrase or in parentheses each time you cite the work. Use the word “and” between the authors’ names within the text and use the ampersand in parentheses. Research by Wegener and Petty (1994) supports… (Wegener & Petty, 1994). A WORK BY THREE OR MORE AUTHORS List only the first author’s name followed by “et al.” in every citation, even the first, unless doing so would create ambiguity between different sources. (Kernis et al., 1993) Kernis et al. (1993) suggest… In et al., et should not be followed by a period. Only “al” should be followed by a period. If you’re citing multiple works with similar groups of authors, and the shortened “et al” citation form of each source would be the same, you’ll need to avoid ambiguity by writing out more names. If you cited works with these authors: Jones, Smith, Liu, Huang, and Kim (2020) Jones, Smith, Ruiz, Wang, and Stanton (2020) They would be cited in-text as follows to avoid ambiguity: (Jones, Smith, Liu, et al., 2020) (Jones, Smith, Ruiz, et al., 2020) Since et al. is plural, it should always be a substitute for more than one name. In the case that et al. would stand in for just one author, write the author’s name instead. In-text citations: When to use “&” or “and” When to use “&” or “and” –please use “and” when the authors are part of the sentence. Part of sentence: Baker and Pifer (2011)… Please use “&” when used at the end of citation Part of sentence: Baker and Pifer (2011)… In-text citation found at the end of the paraphrase statement, (Baker & Pifer, 2011).

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